Gelett Burgess - Burgess Unabridged: A New Dictionary of Words You Have Always Needed (1914)
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The next (and last for this blog) in The Guardian's Top 10 dictionaries is this collection of invented words which seems a bit like cheating to me. Sure it's in dictionary form but it's primarily a humor book and only one of the words passed into common usage - this is apparently the source for "blurb". (I haven't checked the OED to verify.)
Gelett Burgess (1866-1951) was a Boston native and graduate of MIT who moved to San Francisco to teach at Berkeley. He became a writer, mainly of humorous works but also including kids books, novels, short stories and the occasional political piece. His poem "Purple Cow" is still in currency (or at least I learned it as a child so I'll just extrapolate from that to the entire country).