J. Ralston Skinner - Key to the Hebrew-Egyptian Mystery in the Source of Measures Originating the British Inch and the Ancient Cubit (1876)
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This is the kind of kook literature it's fun to flip through but probably nothing to actually read, unless you have a real hankering for meaningless mathematics. Skinner's idea seems to involve Kabbalah, the Great Pyramid, modern measurement systems, Easter Island, the Temple of Solomon, Noah's Ark and astronomy. Probably other things as well - it wouldn't be surprising to find the Templars tucked away somewhere. The appendices take up half the book.